We are among the fortunate, because Magnolias grow in our city. Their big fragrant flowers signal the start of spring, and there are so many different kinds of Magnolias that every month from March to September we can find open Magnolia flowers in Portland. Wow.

Magnolia ‘Ann’

Purple tulip flowers bloom just after Star Magnolias in spring and repeat bloom in late summer.

Slow-growing shrubby form to 10’ tall x 12’ wide – likes sun to part shade, Zone 5.

Magnolia 'Black Tulip'

Magnolia ‘Black Tulip’

Dark wine red goblet shaped flowers are the same color inside and out. Flowers open in early spring before foliage appears.


Grows to 15-20’ tall x 6-10’ wide

Likes full sun to part shade, Zone 5.

Magnolia 'Butterflies'

Magnolia acuminata ‘Butterflies’

Considered by many to be one of the best yellow magnolias. Many lemon yellow flowers appear in spring before foliage. Deciduous. Upright pyramidal form.

Grows to 20’ x 20’, likes sun to part shade, Zone 4.

Magnolia 'Elizabeth'

Magnolia acuminata ‘Elizabeth’

Pale yellow flowers w/ the outermost petals tinged green open before leaves arrive in spring. Deciduous. Sterile, so no seed pods develop on tree. Upright oval to pyramidal shape, 25-30’ tall, 12-15’ wide. Likes sun to part shade, Zone 5.

Magnolia 'Galaxy'

Magnolia ‘Galaxy’

Dark purple buds, petals purple on the outside, lighter pink to white inside. Flowers are up to 9” across. Deciduous.

Grows to 25-30’ tall x 15-20’ wide, likes full sun to part shade, Zone 5.

Magnolia 'Grandiflora'

Magnolia grandiflora: Southern Magnolia

Native to SE United States from North Carolina to Texas and the state flower of Mississippi and Louisiana.

Huge white flowers with waxy thick petals bloom sporadically from May through summer. Their scent is strong, clean and fruity. Seed pods form following flowers. Large dark green glossy foliage has a fuzzy cinnamon color reverse. Leaves shed year-round, but the tree is never without foliage.

Full sun, Hardy Z7

Many cultivated varieties are currently in production.

  • ‘Edith Bogue’ – 25' X 25'
  • ‘Little Gem’ – 25’ X 10-15’ with smaller leaves than other varieties.
  • ‘St. Mary’ – 25' X 25'
Magnolia 'Jane'

Magnolia ‘Jane’

Reddish purple buds open to pink flowers, lighter on the inside than outside.

Flowers open over a long period of time. Deciduous.

Grows to 15’ tall x 15’ wide – likes sun to part shade, Zone 5.

Magnolia macrophylla

Magnolia macrophylla: Big Leaf Magnolia

Native to SE United States from Ohio to Florida, Arkansas to Louisiana, usually in isolated populations – Huge leaves from 12” to 30” long, 6” to 12” wide are spring green on top and frosty gray underneath. June flowers are large, cup shape, creamy white and fragrant. Blooms at 15 years, but is worth the wait. Native habitat is shady and moist but it will adapt to sunnier and drier locations. Zone 5. (Photo courtesy Oregon State University).

Magnolia sieboldii: Oyama Magnolia

Native to Japan – Sparkling white sweetly fragrant flowers w/ rose pink stamens bloom in May and June. Pink seed pods form in summer. Deciduous leaves turn yellow before falling in October. Grows in an upright vase shape to 10-15’ tall and wider. This Magnolia is perfectly suited to a woodland garden or planted as an under story tree with dappled light. All-day sun is OK, but will require extra water to keep leaves from burning. Zone 6.

Magnolia 'Soulangiana'

Magnolia soulangiana: Saucer or Tulip Magnolia

Saucer Magnolia is a hybrid of Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora first developed in France in 1826. It is named for Etiene Soulange Boudin who raised the original seedling.

Flowers appear in early spring and resemble saucers. Fat petals tinged rose pink or purple at the base surround pink stamens and exude a sweet clean fragrance. Green leaves turn gold and brown before falling in autumn. Brown seed pods persist and when opened reveal bright red seeds. Growth habit is upright in youth, developing a broad round head with heavy spreading branches.

Grows 20-25' x 15-20', Full sun, Hardy Z5

Magnolia stellata 'Royal Star'

Magnolia stellata 'Royal Star': Star Magnolia

White star flowers are among the first trees to bloom each year, signaling the arrival of spring.

Flowers appear before green leaves.

Foliage turns yellow before falling in autumn.

Grows 10-15' X 10-12', Sun, Hardy Z4

Magnolia ‘Susan’

Very dark red/purple buds and flowers bloom in April. Deciduous.

Shrubby habit, grows to 10-15’ tall & wide.

Likes sun to part shade. Zone 5.

Magnolia virginiana: Sweet Bay Magnolia

Native to the US east coast from Massachusetts to Florida and Texas near the coast. Creamy white lemon-scented flowers in late spring to early fall. Leaves are evergreen in mild areas, often deciduous in Portland’s windy areas. One of the few plants to thrive in swampy wet areas! Likes sun to part shade & acidic soil. Zone 5.

Magnolia 'Vulcan'

Magnolia ‘Vulcan’

A truly magnificent flower. Color drenched dark red to purple petals make huge 10 inch flowers with wavy edges.

‘Vulcan’ blooms at a young age, but flowers may not take on their full color for a few years.

Deciduous. Upright with open branching habit.

Grows to 20’ tall x 15’ wide.

Sun to part shade, Hardy Z6